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イギリス英語 vs アメリカ英語 ①



American English vs British English


1. 地域的なバリエーション
Using the phrases “British English” and “American English” does not necessarily mean that they are entirely clean categories. There is huge geographical variation within each and furthermore, language evolves over time.
Example of geographical variation: a personal growing up in Glasgow will typically have a very distinct accent different from someone growing up in London. Example of language evolution:  the BBC voiceovers of the 1980s sound different to the ones used now.

2. 文化的影響
Due to the dominance of modern US culture, primarily through movies and TV, a lot of American influence can be seen in the way British speakers’ English often readily adopt Americanisms.

まずはイギリス英語とアメリカ英語でよく使われる色々な『挨拶 Greetings』についてみてみましょう!

Greetings – differences 相違点

  • Hi y’all

Y’all is – predominately but not exclusively – a marker of a plural “you”. This is an Americanism, especially in the southern states, which has NOT been adopted by British speakers.

  • Hey, what’s up?!

Hey – is an informal greeting that is typical of American English, but due to cultural influence, can also be heard in British English.

What’s up?
or wassup – is a common extension of the greeting in American English, equivalent in meaning to “How are you?”.

This use can be heard in British English, especially among young speakers, however, “What’s up?” in British English has a primary meaning of “What’s the matter?” as in noticing that someone is not their usual self. Americans will judge which meaning is being used more readily based on context.

  • Howdy

Howdy. This is primarily an Americanism – an informal version of “Hello, how are you?” – used especially in southern states.
If used by a British speaker, it would almost always denote a humorous intent.


Greetings – similarities 類似点

The following greetings are commonly heard in both American and British English, in ascending order of familiarity.

  • Good morning! / Good afternoon! / Good evening!
  • Morning! / Afternoon! /Evening!
  • Hello!
  • Hi!
  • Hi there!
  • Hiya!
  • Yo!

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