Skip to Content

【Top 5】’it’を使ったイディオム

前の名詞の繰り返しを避けるために使われる代名詞【it】- 文法的な機能は皆さんよくご存じですよね。では慣用句としての機能はどうでしょう?よく使われる短いイディオムでは、”it “が特定の名詞を指さず、実質上の意味を持つことがなくなってしまうケースがよくあります。


1. To make it (成功する、間に合う、都合をつける)

  • To indicate success (or failure) in one’s career

After years of hard work and dedication, she finally made it.

               = she finally achieved her career goal.

  • To indicate success (or failure) in reaching a destination by a certain pre-determined time.

  Our flight’s at 6, and look at this traffic! We’ll never make it.

  We made it. But we wouldn’t have if we hadn’t sprinted the final kilometre.

  • To indicate ability (or inability) to attend an appointment/meeting, etc.

  I’m terribly sorry but I don’t think I’ll be able to make it for our planned get-together. A few issues have cropped up at  home. Can we do it some other time?

2. I take it that …(…だと思う。)

Used as an alternative to assume or suppose. Only used in the first person.

  • I haven’t received a reply, so I take it that you’re not coming to the meeting.
  • I take it that you’ll be coming by train, in which case, I’ll meet you at the station.
What does IT mean?

3. See to it that … (…となるように取り計らう。)

Used as an alternative to make sure that

  • Can you see to it that the front door is locked and the alarm activated when you leave the building? Thanks.
  • See to it that he gets the message, will you? Thanks.

4. I put it to you that …(…提案などを説明する。)

To make a serious suggestion to someone with the intention of “testing” their response.

  • I put it to you that we need a radical overhaul of our accounts procedure. The current system is not working well.
  • My boss asked for my input, so I put it to her that a better way of handling the complaint would be to meet the customer in person.

5. I have it on good authority that…(…確かな筋から聞いている。)

To believe information you have received because the person acting as the source of the information is trustworthy.  

  • I have it on good authority that this deal is not going to go through. Our counterparts won’t accept our terms.
  • I have it on good authority that you’re leaving! Is this true?! You’ll be sorely missed at this company.

PS Englishでは、ロンドン・イギリスだけでなく、オンラインで世界中に拠点を置く日本人の皆様を対象に、英会話教育を行っています。より自然な英語を話せるように、ネイティブスピーカーの講師がマンツーマンでレッスンを行います。